Pillars of Islam – Pillars of Islam are the same as pillars of faith which are principles and practices that must be known and carried out for a Muslim. If the pillars of faith are done after you believe in the teachings of Islam, then you must do the pillars of Islam in order to become a perfect Muslim. Why did it happen?
Pillars of Islam and pillars of faith are quite different, where the pillars of Islam are more manifested in the form of physical movements and actions. While the pillars of faith tend to be realized through heart confidence and changes in mindset, from those who do not know Islam, become more deeply understood and understood about Islam. This article will explore some things about pillars of Islam.
Understanding Pillars of Islam
Someone is said to be a Muslim or not can be determined through several indicators, where the indicator is manifested in the five main practices taught in Islam. Five of these indicators are known as pillars of Islam. So, if you want to be said to be a real Muslim, then you should practice the pillars of Islam.
As mentioned earlier, the pillars of Islam consist of five things, namely:
- Say two sentences of creed
- Establish prayer
- Doing fasting in the month of Ramadan
- Issue alms
- Hajj if you can
There are several traditions which mention the pillars of Islam, among them are based on the hadith narrated by Bukhari and Muslim who mention that the Prophet Muhammad once said to the Companions:
“Islamic religion stands on five main bases, namely pronouncing two sentences of shahada which testify that there is no god but Allah and the Prophet Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, establishing prayer, giving zakat, fasting in the month of Ramadan and doing the pilgrimage to Mecca.”
There is also a friend of the prophet Abu Abdirrahman Abdullah bin Umar bin Khatab who said that he had heard the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu i alaihi wa salam said that Islam was established and built on five main things, namely:
“Declare the testimony of the oneness of Allah and the Prophet Muhammad as His messenger, establish prayer, issue zakat, go on Hajj and fast during Ramadhan.”
The importance of pillars of Islam has become a benchmark indicator that is able to determine whether someone is considered a Muslim or not. Therefore, as a true Muslim we must truly practice and live what is in the pillars of Islam. Even though it is a physical activity, understanding the meaning of the pillars of Islam is very important.
The First Pillar of Islam: Saying Two Sentences of Creed
Two sentences of shahada are two sentences which you must certainly know and you must be able to read them. Because this sentence is the first sentence which is a form of witness that someone has stated firmly to become a Muslim or to enter Islam. The contents of the two sentences of the creed themselves are:
“I testify that there is no God entitled to be worshiped and asked for help other than Allah and the Prophet Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.”
To become a Muslim, you only need to say the two sentences above witnessed by a number of witnesses and with the intention of firmly carrying out His commands and avoiding all His prohibitions. Easy enough right? Indeed, to be a Muslim, we tend to be made easy, because there is nothing difficult in Islam.
Indeed, by pronouncing two sentences of creed you have the right to change the name of religion in your KTP to become an Islamic religion. But if you want to be a true Muslim and truly a Muslim, then you don't only have to say the two sentences of the creed, but you also have to believe and practice them.
How do you believe and practice two sentences of creed? These two sentences of creed mean that you can only worship and have one god. He is the Almighty for everything you do, and the Prophet Muhammad is not someone you should worship, but someone who you respect enough.
Remember, the meaning of the word worship and glorification is quite different. If you worship the apostle of Allah to glorify him, it will make you an infidel. Where you covet God and make something else become entitled to be worshiped. Even though you worship is the apostle.
2nd Pillar of Islam: Establishing Prayers
Not only as a condition of being a Muslim, prayer is also an obligation for all Muslims in the world. Prayer is a service that is performed in a series of movements and prayers. There are five obligatory prayers that must be done by Muslims. The rest is a prayer that is broken and not required to be done.
The five prayer times consist of dawn prayer, dhuhur prayer, ashar prayer, maghrib prayer, and evening prayer. The five prayer times must not be left behind, even if you are in any situation. Whereas sunnah prayers such as tahajud prayer, mosque tahiyatul prayer, istiqarah prayers, ied prayers and other prayers outside the five time obligatory prayers mentioned above.
As one of the Shari'a that must be done, the obligation of a Muslim to establish prayer is mentioned in the letter An-Nisa 'verse 103. Where Allah says “Verily that prayer is a prescribed obligation of time for those who believe.”
When you are going to perform prayers, Allah gives you the blessings to be holy on the body, holy in clothes and to pray in a holy place. Then indirectly, when you perform prayer, then you are required to always keep clean and cultivate and familiarize yourself to live cleanly too.
The command for prayer starts when you have reached the age of aqil baligh or adult (around 11-12 years old or for those who have menstruated for women) until death picks up. Under any circumstances, a person is still required to pray. Even though they are in a state of fear even when they are sick.
But there is relief for those who are experiencing pain, that is, if they cannot wake up, they can do prayer in a sleeping position, even for those who cannot move their limbs, they can pray with hand gestures or just eyelid movements. Because Islam is easy.
The 3rd Pillar of Islam: Doing Fasting in Ramadan
Have you ever done fasting? Just like prayer, fasting also has a mandatory fasting time and sunnah fasting. Fasting is an activity of holding back lust, especially holding back appetite from the dawn to the setting of the sun. During fasting, there will be routine activities such as eating sahur and breaking fast.
Medical fasting is useful for maintaining digestive health and increasing your body's endurance. When fasting, you will indirectly rest your stomach for a full month of hard work grinding and managing food in previous months. This resting process is also able to cleanse your digestive tract.
Mandatory fasting for a Muslim is fasting in the month of Ramadan, where you will be obliged to resist thirst and hunger and lust for a full month. Ramadhan month is a month filled with health events and a place to add as many rewards as possible. Even non-Muslim communities also have a tradition of fasting.
In the Qur'an, the command to fast is mentioned in the letter Al Baqarah verse 183: Allah has said, the contents of which are “O believers are obliged upon you to fast and be obliged upon those before you so that you will be devoted.” This verse shows that fasting is not only for Muslims, but the previous people were also ordered to fast.
Based on the hadith narrated by Bukhari and Muslim from Sahl bin Sa'ad Ra., That the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa salam once said that heaven has a door called Ar Rayyan. Where people enter through the door when doomsday is a group of people who are diligent in fasting.
No one else is allowed to pass through the door. where later people who are diligent in fasting will be called to go through the door, and they will flock to heaven through the door. After the last person enters, the door will be closed and no one will be able to enter it.
The 4th Pillar of Islam: Issues Zakat
Did you know that some of the possessions that God has given us are the property of others? Yes, zakat is what we have to spend so that other people who have the right can get it back. Not only that, zakat also functions to cleanse our property. If you have issued zakat, then Allah can entrust other assets to us.
But you still don't have to worry about the amount of zakat you have to spend. Why? Because the amount of zakat you have to spend is 2.5% of your total assets and assets. Not only submitted directly to others, but now you can also deliver zakat through the national amil zakat agency or also known as BAZARNAS.
The benefits of zakat are in addition to helping the development of the country's economy, zakat can also be an entertainer for the poor, to cover the basic needs of their lives and strengthen love between the rich and the poor. So, in issuing zakat teaches us to continue to maintain the relationship and help each other.
Zakat consists of two types, namely zakat fitrah and zakat mal. Zakat Al-Fitr is a zakat issued for a few days before we celebrate the Eid-ul-Fitr or in the last days of Ramadan. The nature of this zakat is mandatory, the zakat issued can be in the form of staple food such as rice or in the form of money.
Furthermore, zakat mall is zakat issued based on the results of commercial activities. This zakat has only been issued if the object or item has reached Nisab or one year. calculation of zakat, especially zakat mall has its own law. Therefore, if you are a trader, you need to study your mall zakat calculation.
Allah once said in the letter Al Baqarah verse 43, which states that “And establish prayer, and raise alms, and go along with people who bow.” Therefore, it is important not the role of zakat in community life? Economic improvement and the sense of humanity that is being addressed when you are tithing are the main things in Islam.
The 5th Pillar of Islam: Ride on Hajj If You Can
Hajj is a form of worship by visiting and carrying out several activities around the Ka'bah in the cities of Makkah and Medina. This activity is in the form of jumrah throwing, tawaf, walking from the shafa hill to the marwah hills and several other activities based on the predetermined pillars of the pilgrimage. The main pilgrimage is done in the month of Dhul-Hijjah.
But because this worship must be carried out directly in the city of Makkah and the city of Medina, then it should indeed require not a small amount of money. In addition to transportation and accommodation costs while in the city of Makkah and Madinah, this pilgrimage activity must also prepare for family and family needs that you will leave.
Therefore, even though leaving for Hajj is indeed one of the pillars of Islam that makes it compulsory to do, but because not everyone has enough capital to go on pilgrimage, and because Islam always makes it easier for people in trouble, going for Hajj is only required to those who are able to be morally and materially.
Who is obliged to practice the pillars of Islam?
As with the new prayer required when someone has attained aqil baliqh, the practice of the pillars of Islam is the same. There are several criteria for people who have been obliged to practice the five pillars of Islam that have been given. The following are some legitimate Islamic requirements for someone who is obliged to do the pillars of Islam according to the agreement of the ulama:
- Baligh (old enough)
- Mumayyiz (can distinguish right from wrong)
If someone has fulfilled the conditions mentioned, then that person has also been obliged and must practice the pillars of Islam. But even so, it would be nice if we also familiarize our children to always practice the practice of the pillars of Islam, so that they will later get used to and not be careless about the commands of Allah.
When Someone Is Not Perfect The Pillars of Islam
If we look at the society around us today, the majority of Indonesian people are indeed Muslim communities, where they certainly embrace Islam as their belief. But not all of those who have even embraced Islam can have or work on their pillars of Islam perfectly. Why?
In this case, perfection in carrying out the pillars of Islam is indeed very difficult. But we must continue to run with the intention of learning and continue to improve our practice so that it continues to be better and better. For Allah is ever forgiving, most merciful, and He will make it easier for those who diligently study earnestly.
But if we deliberately abandon what he commands, one of them is in harmony with Islam, then it will be a barrier to merit for us but it continues to add to the pile of sin. Especially if we have the intention to associate partners with God and intend to convert, then it will make us become an infidel.
So have you instilled an intention in yourself to continue learning to perfect your worship according to the pillars of Islam? Keep up the spirit even though many tests stand in the way, because God will not test his servant beyond what he is capable of and surely God will provide a reward that is not small for his servant who is patient with tests and learning.
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Pillars of Islam