Biodiversity and environmental contributions to human well-being continue to decline at dangerous levels. There is no other way but to reaffirm the commitment to protect and restore the environment.
This serious threat is listed in four reports approved by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (129BB), which was recently held in Medellín, Colombia.
The four reports approved by IPBES were prepared by 550 experts and more than 100 countries. The drafting team concluded that the decline in the contribution of nature to the welfare of humankind threatened the welfare of the community, livelihoods, food security and the quality of life of people throughout the world.
The report, compiled for three years, analyzed the situation in the Americas, Asia and the Pacific, Africa, Europe and Central Asia, except in the polar and oceanic regions.
Particularly for the Asia Pacific region, biodiversity and environmental services contribute to economic growth which reached 7.6% in the period 1990 to 2010 so that the welfare of more than 4.5 billion people living in this region.
But high economic growth also has an impact on biodiversity conditions and environmental services “Biodiversity in this region continues to be threatened by intensification of agriculture, ever-increasing waste, pollution, extreme weather and rising sea water,” Dr. Madhav Karki (Nepal) and Dr. Sonali Senaratna Sellamuttu (Sri Lanka) who chaired the IPBES meeting.
Although overall biodiversity conditions declined, the IPBES report also noted a number of successes including the increasing area of conservation areas. In the last 25 years, the area of marine conservation has increased by 14% while the land conservation area has increased by 0.3%. Forest cover rose 2.5%, with the highest increase occurring in Northeast Asia (22.9%) and South Asia (5.8%).
The condition of coral reefs – which have important ecological, cultural and economic functions – continues to be damaged especially in South and Southeast Asia. This report underlines more than 90% of coral reefs will suffer severe damage in 2050, even under conservative climate change scenarios.
Forests, mountains, freshwater sources, wetlands and coastal areas are the most vulnerable to damage in the Asia-Pacific. In addition to the problem of accumulating waste / waste and pollution, other causes of damage are the emergence of invasive alien species that trigger ecosystem changes and damage to biodiversity.
All of the conditions above disrupt the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (TPB) or Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
“Achieving Targets for Sustainable Development of the 2011-2020 Biodiversity Strategic Plan, Aichi Biodiversity Targets and the Paris Agreement / Paris Agreement all depend on the health and vitality of our nature with all its diversity and complexity,” Dr. Anne Larigauderie, Executive Secretary of IPBES, “Efforts to protect and promote biodiversity are as important as efforts to achieve these targets.”
What should not be forgotten is a sustainable and rich ecosystem that is also able to protect people from natural disasters and extreme weather. “Nature is like 'insurance' for the world that protects people from unpredictable disasters. Use nature in a sustainable manner, they will provide solutions to the big problems of mankind, “said Dr. Anne. Are your thoughts open?
Editor of Hijauku.com